Monthly Archives:September 2016

Cholera

Cholera

Cholera

Cholera has smouldered in an endemic fashion on the Indian subcontinent for centuries. There are references to deaths due to dehydrating diarrhea dating back to the Hippocrates and Sanskirt writings. Epidemic cholera was described in 1563 by Garcia del Huerto, a Portuguese physician at Goa, India. The mode of transmission of cholera by water was proven in 1849 by John Snow, a London physician. In 1883, Robert Koch successfully isolated the cholera vibrio from the intestinal discharges of cholera patients and proved conclusively that it was the agent of the disease.
Cholera is an acute bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract, characterized by watery diarrhoea that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is spread by eating food or drinking water contaminated with the bacteria. Although cholera was a public health problem in Europe one hundred years ago, modern sanitation and the treatment of drinking water have virtually eliminated the disease in developed countries. In third world countries, however, cholera is still a problem.
The genus Vibrio consists of Gram ? negative straight or curved rods, motile by means of a singular polar flagellum. Vibrios are capable of both respiratory and fermentative metabolism O is a

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Legalization Of Drugs

Legalization Of Drugs

General Purpose: To persuade the class
Specific Purpose: To persuade the class in supporting the legalization of drugs.

INTRO:

I. In our lives we face many things, like stress, stress from work stress from our families or from health or money. More than other countries especially due to our fast pace economy. Since so much is going on in our country every day our government has laws to protect us and to make sure people dont get hurt. Im sure we can all agree here that there are some laws which dont benefit us at all. Like that you can die for your country at age 18 but you cant order a beer in a bar, and one of my favorite ones why should you have to pay taxes on your winnings if you win the lottery But there is one law that makes absolutely no sense to me and that is the one that makes drugs illegal, and I am here today to tell you why.

II. Im going to first go over with all of you some reasons why people might feel a little negative about this idea. Then I will give you some startling statistics that the whole country should

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Mahayana

Mahayana

Buddhism teaches that there are three alternatives for attaining the final goal of Nirvana. Firstly there is the Arahant Ideal which is emphasised by the Sthaviravada or as it is currently known – the Theravada. This is release from the Samsara by following the teachings of an enlightened Buddha by the cultivation of Sila (Good Conduct), Samadhi (Mental cultivation or meditation) and Prajna (Trancendental Wisdom of seeing things as they really are).
The Mahayana, on the other hand, emphasises the Bodhisattva Ideal of postponing ones liberation so that one may bring all sentient beings with you to that state of Nirvana by becoming a fully enlightened

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Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity

Between 5-25 percent of children and teenagers in the United States are obese. As with
adults, the commonness of obesity in the young varies by ethnic group. It is estimated that
5-7 percent of White and Black children are obese, while 12 percent of Hispanic boys and
19 percent of Hispanic girls are obese. Clearly Proving the differences related to ethnic
groups.
Obesity is defined as an excessive accumulation of body fat, and is present when
total body weight is more than 25 percent fat in boys and more than 32 percent fat in girls
(Lohman, 1987).Although childhood obesity is often defined as a weight-for-height in
excess of 120 percent of the ideal, skin fold measures are more accurate determinants of
fatness (Dietz, 1983; Lohman, 1987). Not all obese infants become obese children, and
not all obese children become obese adults. However, the commonness of obesity
increases with age among both males and females and there is a greater probability that
obesity beginning even in early childhood will persist through the life span.
Obesity presents numerous problems for the child. In addition to increasing the risk
of obesity in adulthood, childhood obesity is the leading cause of ?pediatric hypertension,
is associated with Type II diabetes mellitus, increases the risk of coronary heart

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Machiavelli Lao-Tzu

Machiavelli Lao-Tzu

Lao-tzu and Machiavelli are political philosophers writing
in two different lands and two different times. Lao-tzu was
an ancient Chinese philosopher from 6th century BC, the
author of Tao-te Ching, and Machiavelli was an Italian
philosopher who lived 2000 years after Lao-tzu?s time,
author of Prince. They are both philosophers but have totally different perspective on how to be a good leader. While both philosopher?s writing is instructive. Lao-tzu?s advice issues from detached view of a universal ruler; Machiavelli?s advice is very personal perhaps demanding. Both philosophers? idea will not work for today?s world, because that modern world is not as perfect as Lao-tzu described in Tao-te Ching, and not as chaotic as Machiavelli illustrated in Prince.

Perhaps Lao-tzu and Machivelli?s political system will not work for today?s world, but some of their philosophies are still exist in some of modern issues. One of those issues is gun control, which has become a dividing line in America. Lao-tzu advised in Tao-te Ching ?weapon are the tools of violence; all decent man detest them. Weapon are the tools of fear; a decent man will avoid them except in the direst necessity and, if compelled, will

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Kleptomania

Kleptomania

Kleptomaniacs, pyromaniacs, nymphomaniacs and all the maniacs in the world?tonight is your night!
First, I?d like to apologize for the missing cutlery and the lack of candles stolen by our kleptomaniacs / (slash) pyromaniacs. Tonight?s speakers, including me (Klara the Klepto), Pete the Pyro and Ned the Nympho are going to be talking about rare disorders. I wasn?t quite sure what to talk about, so I kind of borrowed my subject from the next speaker?kleptomania!
Kleptomania is a serious, yet relatively unknown disorder that is thought to be caused by an imbalance of a certain chemical in the brain, or more simply some sort of personality disorder such as depression! I myself admit to have taken a few little objects once or twice in my lifetime with out permission, and I guess everyone has?but what defers kleptomaniacs from people who just enjoy stealing
Here are some real signs of Kleptomania:
* taking objects on impulse, without planning ahead
* repeatedly taking things that are not valuable or needed for personal use
*not feeling guilty after stealing and getting some sort of rush before taking an object!
Looking into this crowd, I see pockets full of useless objects, people looking for ?misplaced? items, table clothes on fire

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Chernobyl

Chernobyl

Chernobyl & Nuclear Power

There are different accounts to this story but the basic plot to this story is that on April 26, 1986 in Chernobyl, a city that was at the time part of U.S.S.R. (now part of Ukraine), there was one of the world?s most fatalistic nuclear disasters. The disaster at Chernobyl marks the ?only accident in history of commercial nuclear power where radiation-related fatalities occurred.?
Experts generally agree that there are three factors that contributed to the incident at Chernobyl:
1. There was a design fault in the Soviet reactor.
2. Poorly trained personnel & poor communication between the different departments of the plant.
3. Violation of safety precautions. Many safety procedures were disregarded.
The Chernobyl nuclear power plant was made up of 4 graphite reactors. The number 4 reactor was the one that exploded. Even though the reactors are known to be unstable at low power settings, the reactor crew wanted to perform a set of controlled experiments to see how long turbines would spin and supply power at these low temperatures. Then the experiment went wrong, very wrong. With its flawed design, the flow of coolant water diminished and power output increased. The surge in power

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Love

Love

Often times when one reads a collection of philosophical writings on a subject, one will find authors who are usually associated with another field. Among these are Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, and Carl Jung, who are all considered psychologists rather than philosophers. However, they present multitudes of information regarding the disadvantages of women when it comes to love and marriage. The basis of Freud?s argument comes from the Oedipal complex. Freud argues that in order to develop one?s sexuality in a normal fashion one must join one?s Affectionate and Sensual currents. If a male fails to do so correctly he will never overcome his natural libidinal attachment to his mother. Therefore, he will not be able to be intimate with those women who he has great respect and affection for, since they will effectively remind him of his mother. This presents a problem, for a man chooses for a wife someone who he does have respect and affection for. Consequently, he will not be able to be intimate with his wife, and must seek a far inferior replacement to fulfill his sexual desires. This theory is called Debasement. Freud states:

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Digging

Digging

The poem “Digging” (533) by Seamus Heaney is about a person looking out of a window at their Father digging. The poet is describing what he/she sees while their Father is working hard. Then the poem goes on to describe the feelings and emotions that the individual is feeling while the digging is occurring.
The first and most obvious clue that allows me to realize who the author is in line one, “Between my finger and my thumb.” (1). The poet writes in the first person throughout the poem creating the belief that he is speaking about himself. He writes about his Father and his Grandfather and he seems to move from describing his Father to describing his Grandfather. He does this so smoothly that the reader hardly notices that the transition from Father to Grandfather took place. The second clue to revealing the author is slightly more hidden. The poet mentions turf. Now Ireland is one of the only countries left in Europe that still have turf bogs. Since Seamus Heaney is Irish there is an obvious link to his country. When the poet writes about his Grandfather he implies that there

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Chemistry Through Entertainment

Chemistry Through Entertainment

For many years students have been taught in the traditional classroom setting. You have a teacher, blackboard and a desk. Most students want to learn, but loss interest or are discouraged when they learn above or below the average learning speed. But when students are offered an opportunity that allows them to learn at their own pace and in the comfort of their home the outcomes are unlimited. Allowing students to interact with what they learn has proven time and time again to increase their interest and the amount of information learned and remembered. Many studies have been done that support our groups? hypothesis that video games do affect the way a person thinks and acts. Therefore it would only make sense that having a Chemistry video game that taught you chemistry would embed the information that is being taught into the students mind, because of the interaction and having to be aware of what is going on in the game to advance to the next chapter. In our interactive video game we would have a teacher, just like in the normal classroom setting, but you would read the sections on your own and would play games to show how

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